Direct Co-relation of Homework And Home Tuition In Mumbai

In the ‘Partichi Education Report II’-(Partichi is a trust formed by the economist about a decade ago to look into the areas of primary education and health), Prof.Senopines that the”the increased dependence on private tuitions proves that in the allotted school hours; it is becoming difficult to complete the curriculum”. Prof.Sen also stressed upon the need to complete the allotted curriculum in class hours to make homework redundant. According to him, a thorough review of the curriculum should include basic skills or reading and writing and counting for students that would help complete the syllabus in allotted school hours, reduce homework and thus minimise the dependence on private tuitions. The report says private tuitions have gone up to 64 per cent in 2008-09 from 57 per cent in 2001-02 for primary classes and 58 per cent from 24 per cent over the same period in SishuSikhsaKendras (SSKs). In his introduction to the report, Prof.Sen, who is also the chairman of the trust, has stressed the importance of recognizing and addressing the role of class barriers in educational under-achievement. The report points out that 13 per cent of SC students in Class III and IV could not read. The figure for Muslim and ST children stood at 25 and 29 per cent, respectively. For the rest, it was 8 per cent. On the positive side, the report points to improvement student enrolment, which has gone up to 75 per cent in 2008-09 in both schools and SSKs from 58 and 64 per cent in 2001-02. There is also a decrease in the number of absentee teachers. Most interestingly, the parents’ satisfaction with the performance of the teachers has gone up and so has the achievement of students in Class III and Class IV. As per the earlier report, about 30 per cent students in both the classes could not write their names correctly. The number has now gone down to five per cent in this report. The first Pratichi Trust report came in 2003 and was based on the data from 2001-02. In the second report, comparisons between the available figures for 2001-02 and 2008-09 have been made.